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Diabetes Type 1 and 2: A Comprehensive Overview


Diabetes, a prevalent health concern, revolves around the body’s ability to manage glucose, our primary energy source derived from carbohydrates. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, plays a pivotal role in regulating blood glucose levels. However, when the body either fails to produce sufficient insulin or doesn’t utilize it effectively, diabetes ensues.

Types of Diabetes:

  • Diabetes Type 1: Often referred to as juvenile diabetes, this autoimmune condition results in the immune system attacking and destroying insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Consequently, insulin production halts, leading to elevated blood glucose levels.
  • Diabetes Type 2: Unlike type 1, type 2 diabetes isn’t an autoimmune response. Instead, it arises when the body becomes resistant to insulin. While the pancreas produces insulin, the body’s cells don’t respond to it effectively, causing glucose to accumulate in the bloodstream.


  • Type 1 Diabetes: This form is primarily an autoimmune reaction where the body’s defense system mistakenly targets and destroys insulin-producing beta cells. Genetic predisposition and certain viral infections can trigger this autoimmune response.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: The primary culprit behind type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. Factors like obesity, physical inactivity, and certain genetic factors can make individuals more susceptible to developing this type.

Risk Factors:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: Family history, certain viral infections, and physical stress are among the top risk factors.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Age, obesity, family history, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and a sedentary lifestyle significantly increase the risk.


Common symptoms for both types include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and unintended weight loss. However, type 1 symptoms tend to develop rapidly, especially in younger individuals, while type 2 symptoms might progress more slowly and subtly.


Prolonged elevated blood glucose levels can wreak havoc on various body organs, leading to cardiovascular diseases, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and more.


Diagnosis typically involves the A1C test, oral glucose tolerance test, fasting plasma glucose test, and random plasma glucose test.


  • Type 1 Diabetes: Daily insulin intake is essential since the body ceases to produce it.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Lifestyle modifications like a balanced diet, regular exercise, and weight management can control type 2 diabetes. However, as the disease progresses, insulin or other medications might become necessary.


While genetic predisposition can’t be altered, lifestyle changes like maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, adopting a balanced diet, and avoiding tobacco can significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Reversal Program by Dr. Waseem:

Dr. Waseem’s innovative approach emphasizes reversing diabetes through lifestyle modifications. By focusing on a keto diet, intermittent fasting, regular exercise, and stress management, he has successfully helped many patients manage and even reverse their diabetes.


Understanding diabetes is crucial for effective management and prevention. With the right knowledge, tools, and lifestyle changes, it’s possible to lead a healthy, fulfilling life even with diabetes.